George Tsouloufas and Matthew Rochat are winners of CFPJ’s Best Paper Prize.

David Carment, editor of the Canadian Foreign Policy Journal (CFPJ), and Director of the School of Canadian Studies at Carleton University, is pleased to announce that George Tsouloufas and Matthew Rochat have won the 2023 CFPJ Best Paper Prize for their peer reviewed article, “Revisiting the effectiveness of economic sanctions in the context of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine” appearing in Volume 29, Issue 3.

Their article is available on the CFPJ website:


This article addresses the relevant and ongoing debate surrounding the effectiveness of economic sanctions. In light of recent sanctions imposed by Canada, the United States, Europe, and other Western states in response to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, the topic has garnered renewed attention. To assess the effectiveness of these sanctions thus far, it is important to revisit key contributions in the existing literature. We begin by defining economic sanctions and describing their most common forms. Next, we explore the question of whether sanctions are effective, by examining different conceptions of the term “effectiveness.” Then, we address the skeptics to understand why many scholars have argued that sanctions tend to be ineffective or have adverse consequences. Finally, we examine the key question of the effectiveness of economic sanctions thus far in the context of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, utilizing a five-dimensional framework devised by Lindsay (1986). We find evidence that the sanction regime on Russia has been mostly effective thus far in dimensions of deterrence, international symbolism, and domestic symbolism, partially effective in terms of compliance, and mostly ineffective in terms of subversion. We conclude by arguing that future research should take a broader, more interdisciplinary approach when assessing sanction effectiveness.

The prize is awarded annually for the best article published in CFPJ. Each refereed contribution is eligible for consideration. The adjudicating committee assessed all eligible articles based on scholarship, contribution to knowledge and debate, writing style and audience accessibility.

This year there were two honourable mentions. Federman Rodriguez for his article: American and Canadian engagements in the Afghanistan intervention: a neoclassical realist point of view,” Vol. 29. No. 3 and Achim Hurrelmann et al: “Did Brexit change perceptions of the EU and the UK in Canada? An analysis of Canadian newspaper commentaries,” Vol. 29, No. 1.

The award carries a $500 prize. Past winners include, Thomas Volgy and Kelly Gordell, Kari Roberts, Geoffrey Hale, Thomas Juneau, Greg Anderson, Stephen Brown, Emma Ashford, Erica Chenoweth and Laura Dugan, Christian Leuprecht, Michael Urban, Stéphane Roussel, Daryl Copeland, Kim Nossal, Susan Henders and Mary Young, and David Gordon.

About the Canadian Foreign Policy Journal:

CFPJ is a peer-reviewed interdisciplinary journal published three times a year by the Norman Paterson School of International Affairs (NPSIA) at Carleton University. Established in 1992, CFPJ is Canada’s leading journal of international affairs. The journal’s international advisory and editorial boards reflect diverse political, disciplinary and professional perspectives. Contributors are drawn from Canada and around the world. Essays are fully referenced, peer-reviewed, authoritative yet written for the specialist and non-specialist alike.  Its readers include government officials, academics, students of international affairs, journalists, NGOs and the private sector. Details regarding submitting articles commentaries and review essays to the Journal can be found here:

About the Authors:

George Tsouloufas is a PhD student in the Political Science Department at the University of California Santa Barbara and an Adam Smith Fellow at the Mercatus Center. His work primarily revolves around comparative politics and international political economy. More specifically, his research focuses on political extremism, European politics, and various IPE topics, including currency competition. He is currently conducting research on extreme right parties in Europe, while serving as teaching associate at UCSB.

Matthew Rochat is a PhD student in the Political Science Department at the University of California Santa Barbara and an Adam Smith Fellow at the Mercatus Center. His primary research interests are international political economy and foreign policy, though his work also addresses topics such as globalization, economic development, international trade and finance, infrastructure, economic inequality, and varieties of market economies. His work has been featured in various academic journals and news outlets. He recently conducted field work in Ghana, Benin, and Togo as part of his dissertation which examines Chinese economic engagement in West Africa and its maritime ports.

For more information, please contact:

David Carment

Editor, Canadian Foreign Policy Journal

Picture via Nataliya Vaitkevich

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