The Canadian Foreign Policy Journal (CFPJ) is a fully peer-reviewed interdisciplinary journal published three times a year by the Norman Paterson School of International Affairs (NPSIA) at Carleton University, in Ottawa, Canada.

The full article is available on the CFPJ website: Who Will Provide Security Guarantees to Russia?


With Russia’s security concerns historically driven by its unclear borders and sense of being surrounded by powerful states, its “defensive” expansion of its borders has been seen as aggression by its neighbors. The Western dismissal of Russia’s demand for security guarantees was followed by events that rapidly escalated into a NATO-Russia proxy war, with various European leaders returning to ideas of providing guarantees. This commentary examines the issues surrounding Western policy and Russia’s distrust of Western negotiations. It proposes an end to the conflict by involving three actions: the UN and its Secretary General providing a neutral umbrella for diplomacy, resolving ambiguities surrounding the equality of states and self-determination in international law, and including and recognizing the diplomatic merits of potential mediators and guarantors comprising the multipolar world.

About the Canadian Foreign Policy Journal

[CFPJ is a peer-reviewed interdisciplinary journal published three times a year by the Norman Paterson School of International Affairs (NPSIA) at Carleton University. Established in 1992, CFPJ is Canada’s leading journal of international affairs. The journal’s international advisory and editorial boards reflect diverse political, disciplinary and professional perspectives. Contributors are drawn from Canada and around the world. Essays are fully referenced, peer-reviewed, authoritative yet written for the specialist and non-specialist alike.  Its readers include government officials, academics, students of international affairs, journalists, NGOs and the private sector. Details regarding submitting articles commentaries and review essays to the Journal can be found here:]

About the Author

Adnan Zuberi is Chair of the Critical NATO Studies Working Group at Science for Peace, a peace research and education NGO at the University of Toronto.

Photo via Rory Arnold

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